Topic: “The Riddle of Style”
Howells, R., & Negreiros, J. (2012). Fine Art. In Visual Culture (2nd ed., pp. 160-171). Malden, MA: Polity.
“Artists learn to draw realistically by not by the careful study of nature… but by the discovery of more and more effective artistic conventions or ‘schemata’, by which the illusion of reality can be more effectively achieved” (162).
“Cultures, like people, learn only gradually to draw realistically … by copying and improving upon previous drawings and paintings” (164).
“We can think of all manners of examples … in which issues of symbolic form have always been of much greater importance than ‘realism'” (170).
“Perhaps, then, the greatest limitation of Gombrich’s theory of realism in the fine arts remains in its underlying assumption that fine arts is — or at least ought to be — a realistic medium” (171).