Reading #4: Media: Fine Art, Photography

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Photo credits:

Topic: “The Riddle of Style”

Howells, R., & Negreiros, J. (2012). Fine Art. In Visual Culture (2nd ed., pp. 160-171). Malden, MA: Polity.

“Artists learn to draw realistically by not by the careful study of nature… but by the discovery of more and more effective artistic conventions or ‘schemata’, by which the illusion of reality can be more effectively achieved” (162).

“Cultures, like people, learn only gradually to draw realistically … by copying and improving upon previous drawings and paintings” (164).

“We can think of all manners of examples … in which issues of symbolic form have always been of much greater importance than ‘realism'” (170).

“Perhaps, then, the greatest limitation of Gombrich’s theory of realism in the fine arts remains in its underlying assumption that fine arts is — or at least ought to be — a realistic medium” (171).


2 thoughts on “Reading #4: Media: Fine Art, Photography

  1. Your post is so interesting related to the sequence of time in art, education, and simplify. As a denotative level, I could recognized that how the art has been developing form the ancient art to modern art related to realistic. On the second image, I got the idea that depends on the art education lever or ages, how the art would be improved. At the last image, I saw the different level of simplify from a real photo.
    For the connotative level, among them, the most interesting thing is the second set, It looks the art skill dramatically changed depends on the education level. The first image on second set looks like initial drawing by kid without any education, I thought, he or she might try to draw following the real photo. The last drawing before real photo looks like to draw by someone got art educating before. The author of the reading said “We have seen how the education of the individual artist serves as a microcosm for the education for art as a whole. It is now time to consider formal art education.” As he said, we need to consider the formal art education, but would be the art education turned in to the best result of art? As you know, I have three kids, and they really like drawing something. I just concerned that before I teach or comment them about their art, they had no limitation or restriction for their art, they could do anything they want. But, once I told them something about their art such as “A head should be on the top.”, they lost their freedom and imagination for art. As same as my experience, how do we make a good balance between imagination and realistic through the educating arts?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. That’s a really interesting point about art education and teaching kids how to draw. It seems like it would be hard to decide when to provide suggestions and when to let them feel free to create whatever they wanted. I wonder if art and drawing should be taught in two different ways: realism and free expression?


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